Health Tips

Health Tips 1. Dates are loaded with the energy you need every day – to win a marathon or get you through a tough day. With only
24 calories per dates (248 per 100 gram serving), dates are high in dietary fiber, carbohydrates, and contain more potassium than
bananas! Yet they are virtually fat, cholesterol and sodium free! 2. Dates provide essential vitamins and minerals – such as
B-complex vitamins, magnesium and iron. Only a handful of dates – five or six – will help you meet your 5-A-Day goal for fruit. 3. A
handful of dates will help you meet the 5-A-Day goal. Five to six delicious dates or a cup of chopped dates equals one serving.
Great tasting, power-packed California dates are part of the USDA Pyramid’s food group. Eating dates can help you achieve the
recommended goal for fruit servings each day. 4. The American Cancer Society recommends that you consume 20-35 grams of
dietary fiber a day. Dietary fiber comes in two forms – soluble and insoluble. Each serves a valuable function. Insoluble fiber
increased the rate at which food moves through the digestive system. Soluble fiber may help control diabetes by decreasing
elevated blood glucose levels. Soluble fiber also had been found to help lower serum cholesterol levels, particularly undesirable loud
density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. California dates are a good source of dietary fiber. A serving of power-packed dates – just 5 to
6 six dates – can provide 3 grams of dietary fiber. That’s 14 percent of your recommended daily value. 5. A serving of power-packed
dates contains 31 grams of carbohydrates, making them a powerhouse of energy. Carbohydrates include 3 grams of dietary fiber
and 29 grams of naturally occurring sugars such as fructose, glucose and sucrose to provide quick energy and are readily used by
the body. Dates are a perfect energy boosting snack. 6. Ounce per ounce, pound for pound, dates are one of the best natural
sources of potassium. Potassium is an essential mineral your body needs to maintain muscle contractions including the vital heart
muscle. Potassium is needed to maintain a healthy nervous system and to balance the body’s metabolism. Since potassium is not
stored in the body, and much is lost in perspiration, it must be continually replenished. As you consume potassium you excrete
sodium, helping to keep blood pressure down. As people age, their kidneys become less efficient at eliminating sodium. About a 400
mg increase in potassium intake has been associated with a 40% reduction in the risk of stroke. This roughly amounts to one
additional serving daily of California dates. 7. Eating dates and drinking water is an ideal, natural way to replenish the potassium. A
serving of dates contain 240 milligrams of potassium or 7% of the recommended daily value. Bite for bite, they have three times the
amount of potassium as bananas! 8. Dates contain a variety of B-complex vitamins – thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6 and
antithetic acid. These vitamins have a variety of functions that help maintain a healthy body – to metabolize carbohydrates and
maintain blood glucose levels, fatty acids for energy, and they help make hemoglobin, the red and white blood cells. 9. Magnesium
is essential for healthy bone development and for energy metabolism. One serving of dates provides 4% of the suggested daily
intake of magnesium. Iron is essential to red blood cell production. Red blood cells carry all the nutrients to cells throughout the
body. One serving of dates contains nearly a third of the Recommended Dietarv Allowance for iron.


Dates Keeping Quality

Dates Keeping Quality Slightly under ripe ‘Delete Nor’ dates will keep at 32°F (0°C) up to 10 months; fully mature, for 5 to 6 months.
Freezing will extend the storage life for a much longer period. In India, sun-dried dates, buried in sand, have kept well for 1 1/2 years
and then have been devoured by worms. Pests and Diseases Unripe fruits are attacked by Cockatrices daclyliperda which makes
them fall prematurely. Ripe fruits are often infested by nitidulids-Carpophilus hemipterus, C. multilatus (C. dimidiatus), Urophorus
humeralis, and Heptoncus luteolus, which cause decay. Control by insecticides is necessary to avoid serious losses. In Israel, the
fruit clusters are covered with netting to protect them from such pests as Vespa orientalis, Cadra figulilella and Arenipes sabella as
well as from depredations by lizards and birds. In Pakistan, the red weevil, or Indian palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, bores
into the leaf bases at the top of the trunk, causing the entire crown to wither and die. The rhinocereus beetle, or black palm beetle,
Oryctes rhinocerus, occasionally attacks the dates. Its feeding damage may provide entrance-ways for the weevil. Scale insects
may infest the leaves and the trunk. They have been controlled by trimming off the heavily infested leaves, spraying the remaining
ones, and treating the fire resistant trunk with a blowtorch. Two of the most destructive scales are the Marlatt scale, Phoenicoccus
marlatti; which attacks the thick leaf bases, and the Parlatoria scale, Parlatoria blanchardii, which is active in summer. The latter was
the object of an eradication campaign in California and Arizona in the late 1930’s. The dates mite scars the fruits while they are still
green. A tineid moth and a beetle, Lasioderma testacea, have damaged stored dates in the Punjab. Dates held in storage are
subject to invasion by the fig-moth, Ephestia cautella, and the Indian meal-moth, Plodia interpunctella. Fusarium albumins cause the
disastrous Bayou, or Bayou, disease in Morocco and Algeria. It is evidenced by a progressive fading and wilting of the leaves. Over
a 9-year study period of 26 resistant varieties in Morocco, Bayou disease reduced the planting density from 364 palms per acre
(900/ha) to 121 to 142 per acre (300-350/ha). It is because of this disease that ‘Midol’ can no longer be grown commercially in
Morocco and Algeria. Decay of the inflorescence is caused by Manginiella scaeltae in humid seasons. Several brown stains will be
seen on the unopened spathe and the pedicels of the opened cluster will be coated with white “down”. Palm leaf pustule, small,
dark-brown or black cylindrical eruptions exoding yellow spores, resulting from infestation by the fungus Graphiola phoenicis, is
widespread but often a serious problem in Egypt. Dates palm decline may be physiological or the result of a species of the fungus
genus Omphalia. Diplodia disease is a fungus manifestation on leafstalks and offshoots and it may kill the latter if not controlled. The
fungus caused condition called “black scorch” stunts, distorts and blackens leaves and adjacent inflorescences. Other fungus
diseases include pinhead spot (Diderma effusum), gray blight (Pestalotia palmarum) and spongy white rot (Polyporus adustus). The
dates, as well as its relative, Phoenix canariensis Hort. ex Chaub., has shown susceptibility to lethal yellowing in Florida and Texas.
No commercial plantings have been affected.